History

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Is it true that the Atlantic Slave Trade impeded long-term economic development and created political disorder in Africa?

By Lucy Morris

Edited by William Harrop

Abstract

Between the 16th and 19th centuries, the sea-faring nations of Europe engaged in the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, transporting millions of human beings on squalid, cramped ships from West Africa to European plantations in the Americas. In this superb article, Lucy Morris analyses the destructive influence of this tragedy on Africa, framing the study in terms of its political and economic impacts to reveal just how deep the scars go.

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History

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How and to what extent did war and violence contribute to the definition of chivalry as both a historical and social phenomenon?

By Dom Hyde

Edited by William Harrop

Abstract

What springs to mind when you think about chivalry? Far removed from the popular view of gentlemen holding open doors and sacrificing items of clothing to prevent their companion’s feet getting muddy, chivalry was originally a concept embedded in the brutality of medieval warfare. In this fascinating article, an inquisition is launched into the extent of the influence of medieval warfare itself in sculpting the social phenomenon of chivalry. Specific reference is given to both secular and religious sources in influencing, and even distorting the realities of medieval chivalry, affecting how we understand it today.

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